Everything to Know About Astigmatism!

Astigmatism

Individuals who notice that they have blurry vision and constant headaches should prioritize their health and confer with the best eye specialist in Karachi. The specialist will conduct relevant tests to identify the cause and severity of the condition. The treatment will help the patient manage the symptoms and avoid further correlating complications.

Astigmatism refers to blurry vision due to improper cornea, retina, and lens curves. The treatment helps manage the symptoms, and procedures allow smooth recovery without complications. People with close family members suffering from the condition are at a higher risk of exhibiting symptoms of astigmatism.

Signs and Symptoms of Astigmatism

The symptoms that a person suffering from astigmatism exhibits are:

  • The patient may start to notice the changes in the vision. The vision starts to become distorted or blurry.
  • The patient suffers from eyestrain and remains tired most of the time.
  • The patient suffers from constant headaches, which worsen while focusing on objects.
  • The caregivers can notice eye squint.
  • The patient may suffer from a burning sensation and itching in the eyes.
  • The patient cannot focus on the nearby objects. The person may see multiple images at the same time.

Risk Factors Correlating to Astigmatism

The exact cause of the disease is unknown. However, the factors that increase the chances of suffering from astigmatism are:

  • Individuals suffering from Keratoconus are at a higher risk of suffering from astigmatism.
  • Individuals with a history of eye surgery or injury are at a higher risk of suffering from damage to the curve of the lens, retina, or cornea.
  • People with a family history of eye-related diseases are at a higher risk of suffering from astigmatism.

Associated Complications with Astigmatism

Individuals diagnosed with astigmatism should take proper treatment, or it can lead to:

  • The patients are at a higher risk of suffering from amblyopia or complete vision loss.
  • The patient suffers from poor depth perception or problems with binocular vision.

Diagnosis

The tests that help in diagnosing a person with astigmatism are:

  • The visual acuity test helps evaluate the clarity of the vision.
  • Keratectomy is a test that helps measure the curve of the cornea.
  • The refraction test helps check how the eyes focus on the light.

Effective Treatment Options

The procedures that help treat astigmatism are:

  • Orthokeratology: The procedure involves the fitting of lenses to reshape the cornea.
  • LASIK: The procedure involves reshaping the cornea using the laser to improve visual acuity.
  • PRK: It is a laser ablation procedure. The patient can notice a visible change in vision after the procedure. The corneal cell surface is ablated to reshape the cornea for better vision.
  • LASEK: Laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy is a procedure in which the alcohol loosens the epithelium of the cornea. Next, the laser changes the curvature to improve the vision.

Individuals exhibiting symptoms of astigmatism must consult an eye specialist at Kulsum International Hospital. The specialist will conduct relevant tests to detect the disease before providing guidance regarding effective treatment options to enhance the vision without complications such as amblyopia.

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